Ice skating enthusiasts use skates with steel blades to slide on the ice. The first ice skates were made in 3000 BC. Honed animal bone was used in making these skates, and it was attached to the shoes with leather straps. In fact, the origin of the word ‘skates’ is Dutch. They used to call it ‘schaats’, which means ‘leg bone’. Iron blades were first made and used in Holland, in 1250 AD. It garnered popularity as a winter sport among the Europeans in the 17th century. The International Skating Union is the authoritative body governing the sport, and oversees all the international ice skating competitions.
The Beginner’s Guide to Ice Skating
Always get an expert coach to assist you with the basics. A good coach helps minimize the risks involved, and also ensures you learn the correct way of skating. It is important to understand that ice skating doesn’t come naturally to everyone. A beginner has to learn it by getting used to the ice rink. It is a safe option to rent the skates initially, and get acquainted with this sport. If
Rock climbing is not child’s play. One has to be very cautious when indulging in this activity. Even a slight mistake can cause serious injury, which may prove to be fatal. Several enthusiastic individuals have taken up this sport as it is highly challenging and allows a person to test his own limits. However, its increasing popularity has resulted in higher incidences of injuries pertaining to this sport. It is, therefore, imperative that one follows preset safety measures to ensure safe climbing.
Rock climbing can be performed either indoors or outdoors. Outdoor climbing is far more dangerous than indoor climbing because of the lack of additional protection for the climber. If you are interested in this adventurous activity, you can ensure protection by following the measures given below. For better understanding, we have segregated them as general and specific safety tips. General tips must be followed by indoor as well as outdoor climbers, whereas specific tips must be followed depending on whether the activity is performed on a rock wall or in a simulated climbing gym.
Rock Climbing: Play by the Rules
☞ Before the
Whether you use two skis, or a single ski, or skim through the water on bare feet – getting pulled by a speedboat – there is something about skimming on water as you glide through the spattering sprays that has you coming back for more, despite the number of times you get dunked.
It was back in 1922 that water skiing began when Ralph Samuelson, an eighteen year old boy from Minnesota, thought that if snow skiing was possible, then why not skiing on water? He tested his theory out for the first time on Lake Pepin, Lake City, in Minnesota, getting his brother Ben to tow him. It was after the two brothers had been experimenting for several days that Ralph realized that if he leant his body back, putting the tips of his skis up in the air, it led to skiing successfully. Those skis that the two brothers used were made from barrel staves, after which they tried using regular snow skis. Later, Ralph created the first pair of water skis out of lumber that he bought and hewed into shape.
The thrill of racing against a clock or against other racers in a serious competition to win, is like no other. Be it on land or on water, racing is a sport that tests your strategic skills and your physical prowess and how well they work together. Sometimes, the fastest racer is not always the winner and one sport that exhibits this speed anomaly is the sport of speed skating. With speed skating, skaters race along a track, either in pairs for the best time or a group of skaters race against each other, to see who crosses the finish line first. These two basic forms are called long track or speed skating and short track speed skating, respectively. Speed skating requires an excellent ice skating ability, physical strength and endurance, as well as mental fortitude and the brain smarts to beat the competition. For such a sport, having the right skating equipment is just one part. The right rules and principles have to be followed.
Basics and Rules of Short Track Speed Skating
Types of Races: Short track involves a pack start or a group competition. Here 4-6 skaters race to be the first person across the finish line. This type
In ice skating, a sharp blade means a good grip and easy maneuvering, while a dull blade means less friction and better speed. That, however, doesn’t mean you need to keep your blades dull to skate well. In fact, you need to do the exact opposite of that. Irrespective of whether you are an amateur skating enthusiast or a veteran of the field, you need to keep your skates sharp and in good condition; not at all difficult, if you grasp the basics.
How Often Should Skates be Sharpened?
This is an important question that needs to be taken into account beforehand, as too much of sharpening (or too less of it), can end up damaging the skates. Sharpening the blades too frequently can either damage them, or cause them to wear out quickly. How often to sharpen the skates will largely depend on how often you use them. Going by the rule of the thumb, sharpening them once a month is more than enough. Or else, you can just test the skates to find out whether they really need to be sharpened. Just run your fingernail down the blade. If the blade is sharp, it will dig into your nail, but
We all love a sport, and we look for different ways to get better at it. The same holds true for the sport of ice skating. Children who are learning how to ice skate, are bound to find the mundane lessons boring. To help them learn better, coaches look for different ways through which they can make teaching a lot of fun. After all, it is very important that you enjoy what you do! Children will learn how to ice skate better, with the help of these games. Then again, we have adults who have indoor skate rinks. The ice skating game ideas mentioned below will be useful for them too.
Ice Skating Games for Kids and Adults
1. Fire on Ice
Every child knows how to play ‘Fire on the mountain’, isn’t it? That is exactly how we’re going to play this game. You will need music for the game. After the music starts, children start skating around the rink. As soon as the music stops, the coach shouts out a number, say, ‘five’. Then, children need to form groups of five members each. There will be a few children who failed to form a proper group. For example, if there
Hundreds of years ago, before the modern protective eyewear was invented, Inuits and other tribal people, who dwelt in high altitude and snow-covered regions, used ivory, caribou antlers, bones or wood to carve snow eyewear for protection against snow blindness. Their goggles covered the eyes well, and blocked out most of the light rays.
Snow blindness is an eye condition that arises due to exposure of eyes to the ultraviolet rays of the sun reflected from an ice or snow. Medically, the term for snow blindness is photokeratitis and is akin to the burn of the cornea and conjunctiva. It happens when climbers go for hiking without protecting their eyes with sunglasses. The light that is reflected from the snow contains harmful and high levels of ultraviolet radiation. This radiation can burn the cornea of the eye and lead to snow blindness. Its symptoms like painful burning, blurred vision and irritation usually occur on the eye about six to twelve hours after intense sun exposure.
Snow blindness usually occurs at higher altitudes, where the ultraviolet rays are more intense. Basically, snow is a good reflector and can reflect about 80 percent of ultraviolet radiation. For this reason, skiers and hikers have
Although skiing over the pristine white snow peaks seems like an adventure you cannot wait to begin, you must need to know a few basic rules and tips before getting started. These will ensure that you are well-prepared for the task that lies ahead of you.
Useful Tips for First-timers
First, let me answer your questions about the dress code and the gear that you will need. While trying skiing for the first time, it is always better to rent all the gear rather than buying it. The gear is quite expensive, hence, you would want to make sure that you like the sport before you actually invest money in buying any equipment.
While renting skis, make sure that they are 20 – 30cm shorter than your height. As for the boots, try to find a pair that is comfortable for your feet; the shoes should leave enough room for you toes to move, but your heel shouldn’t be able to come off the base. As for the clothes, you should check the weather before you decide to go skiing. Use thermal layered clothing to keep you warm. Make sure that the outside layer of your clothing is waterproof, and ensure that
It is strange how people generally tend to think of themselves to be immune to disasters; always throwing caution to the wind when it comes to exercising safety. Skiing, as with other adventure sports, has had its fair share of accidents, both fatal or otherwise. Unfortunately, and as expected, most of these accidents have been a consequence of disregarding safety measures.
In the light of the recent tragedy that struck F1 champion Michael Schumacher, it is only fitting that we take our safety more seriously while skiing.
1. Ensure that you are fully equipped.
❖ It goes without saying that comfort level of your ski gear dictates the tone of your entire skiing experience. To begin with, your ski gloves should be breathable and offer a good grip. Gloves that make your hands sweat or feel itchy can cause a distraction. A good and well-fitting pair of gloves will restrict your thumbs from getting caught in the pole straps, thus avoiding a common skiing injury.
❖ As with your hands, your feet too must be sheltered by a comfortable pair of skiing boots. Skiing with ill-fitting boots necessarily qualifies as a torture, rather than the fun experience it ought to be.
❖ Your ski binding
Open-gate policies at popular ski resorts, the increasing cost of lift tickets, and incredible technological advances in skiing equipment have all contributed to the growing popularity of backcountry skiing. The dictionary definition of backcountry skiing is a method of skiing on terrain that hasn’t been marked, cleared, or mapped. It offers enthusiasts the opportunity to conquer a more challenging terrain in an uncontrolled environment that is not actively managed or patrolled for safety. Backcountry skiing gives experienced skiers the chance to make the first ski tracks in freshly fallen snow.
Backcountry skiing usually refers to both downhill and uphill travel. Most skiers at resorts and professional trails use ski lifts, trams, or gondolas to gain access to downhill turns, but backcountry skiers must hike or skin up the slope. Skiers are able to travel uphill by simply attaching ‘skins’ to their skis. Skins on the bottom of skis effectively grip the snow, allowing the skier to proceed uphill as though the skis had Velcro on them. The attachments are called ‘skins’, because the original founders of the backcountry skiing sport, Norwegians, strapped skin and fur from seals onto their skis to accomplish the goal of skiing uphill. Nowadays, skins for skis
It’s Friday, the beginning of the much awaited weekend. If everything goes according to plan, Kevin Peterson will hang up his suit and tie, don on his T-shirt and khaki shorts, and be out on the water by early afternoon with his rented boat.
Kevin has been opting to spend some of his weekends out boating. Spending a lazy day, relaxing and soaking up the sun while drifting languidly on calm waters, he has discovered, is one of the best getaways. Sometimes he cruises along sheltered intracoastal waterways, where there are wild mangrove sanctuaries that are home to egrets, herons, ospreys, and pelicans.
Sometimes, when he is lucky, he sees dolphins gamboling in his boat’s wake, and, of course, the glorious gulls squawking and keeping pace with his boat, etched against clear blue skies. Sometimes he dives into shallow, clear waters to marvel at the swarms of multi-hued fish swimming among the corals. Sometimes he just drops anchor and wades onto a pristine beach, where he may spot the paddle marks left by a sea turtle which struggled to climb up past the high tide mark to dig a hole in the warm sand and lay her eggs. On the beach, he
For a boating enthusiast to have a smooth and hassle-free boat ride, the boat should be kept in a proper condition. The outboard engine is surely a significant and main part of the boat. While on the run, the motor can malfunction in many ways. Learning about its problems and repairs can surely save money that would be needed to tow the boat to the dockyard or marina. On that note, some outboard motor troubleshooting tips are enlisted in the paragraphs below.
Checking the fuel level and the fuel connections is one of the important tasks for avoiding this problem. There are some people who don’t care at all about the fuel required for the motor to run. You also need to check the proper working of the fuel lines. Check if they are not choked, broken, damaged, or frizzed. You should also inspect and see if there are no fuel leaks. Always use fuel that is fresh and is in no way contaminated. Ensure that the batteries are switched on and the kill-switch is connected. Also make sure that the batteries are charged adequately, leads are connected, and the posts are not dirty or rusted.
In the case of pull-start
A trolling motor functions as a propeller for fishing boats to maneuver. The motor is powered by batteries that aid in the navigation process. However, an important subject to be retained in mind is that the trolling motor is not the sole resource of activating power to fishing boat, rather its installation compliments the gasoline engine that is affixed in the boat. The control that is achieved when one is through the installation process, thus, is immense.
Trolling Motor Installation Process
The first step of the installation is to decide on the position of the motor. One needs to place it on the deck and figure out the dynamics of its positioning.
For the positioning to be accurate, one needs to place the motor using a strategy that lends the motor to stay where it is placed, thus not interfering in the working of the hull. Now this becomes your mounting base.
To be sure that you have hooked on to the right place, mark the area with a pencil or a marker pen.
Place the motor aside and take the drill bit into consideration. The pencil marks serve to be guiding points for the drill bit to work its way into
The success of hunting techniques, which include fishing are all based on deception and element of surprise. Fishing is all about patience, right technique and setting up the right bait. For most of the fishing techniques, including trolling to work, the fish must take the bait offered to them. A normal gas powered motor makes too much noise that can scare away fish and make catching them impossible. Ergo, one needs a low noise motor, called a trolling motor to drive the boat silently and gently over the water surface, without scaring the fish. So if you are planning to start a trolling business, the first item on your shopping list should be the trolling motor. This Buzzle article is a short guide explaining how to choose a trolling motor effectively to catch pelagic fish like Mackerel, Salmon, Bass and Tuna.
What is a Trolling Motor?
A trolling motor is an outboard electric motor fitted on a boat. The reason why they are exclusively preferred over gasoline based motors, when it comes to trolling, is the comparatively low noise they make. These motors are used by boats engaged in freshwater as well as saltwater fishing. Powered by rechargeable batteries, like the ones
If you are planning to spend a few days in the mountain with no company, it’s essential to know the basic survival tips. It’s not just the cold, harsh environment you have to deal with, but the fact that climate in the mountain can change rapidly, to being sunny one moment to foggy and then rainy the very next. Pack wisely, remembering to bring all the bare essentials in your survival kit you will need in the rough weather. All your mountaineering essentials should be durable, easily portable, and you should be able to easily and quickly attach them to your body. Watching TV programs that demonstrate survival tips and techniques and actually experiencing the situation firsthand are two vastly different things. Whether you are a professional mountaineer or a first-timer, follow the strategies below for surviving in the mountains when you are alone.
How to Survive Alone in the Mountains
The most important part of your backpack is probably the survival kit. Make sure to include the following items in it.
Compass and Map: Know how to read them.
Knife: Don’t just carry along a pocket knife. Bring along a knife that serves several purposes, from being used in chopping
For most people, just being in the great outdoors is an uplifting experience. Not only does it present an opportunity to revel in the beauty of the natural world around, but also to challenge oneself in numerous ways. The best and most worthy kind of battles we can take on are against the elements. Rock climbing is often considered only for adrenaline junkies, but in reality, it is an adventure sport that most can enjoy. You don’t need to be young or extremely fit to pick up climbing, for there are many who learn rock climbing later on in life. If you are intrigued, know that the ideal way to start off is under the guidance from experienced climbers or in a climbing school. In addition, here are some instructions that will help you along the way.
Warmup and Stretch: One of the worst predicaments while rock climbing is to have calf or any other muscle cramp. To avoid this, and for other reasons, ensure you include a sufficient amount of stretching and warmup exercises before you get started. As stretching improves circulation and flexibility, before you start climbing, spend half an hour getting movement into your muscles and joints, and
What does one do when in the need for some thrills and adventure? Well, not every one of us can live the life of James Bond and go globetrotting to discover new excitements of every kind! Therefore, adventure sports is what we can turn to. This enables a person to challenge himself/herself and discover new adventures in the bargain. Rock climbing, as a sport, has become extremely popular. It brings a person in close contact with nature, which subsequently helps discover new terrain. The many wonders in the wild can be seen with exciting mountain expeditions. Indoor rock climbing is an equally popular sport, where one does not really have to battle with the various moods of nature! However, if you are planning to go outdoors, your trip can never be complete without the appropriate gear. Before you begin, always remember to practice with a professional, and ensure that you have received coaching at the hands of an expert.
Slings: Slings can be found in a variety of materials. These are slung over the shoulder, and it would always be a better bet to pick a versatile piece. Look for lightweight slings, which prove to be easier to knot.
Ropes: Ropes are
Extreme sports are called extreme for a reason: they push you to your physical and mental limits in terms of exertion and strength. They are also often more dangerous than your average game of football. But the thrill and the uniqueness of such sports is like no other. That being said, one such extreme sport that challenges an individual’s sense of fear, at the same time fulfills an elemental dream of man (to fly), is skydiving.
Skydiving isn’t just falling out of a plane with a parachute on. It’s more like “falling with style” where an exact science and technique goes into the jumping, deployment of the parachute and landing. Agreed it is not the safest of sports but the occurrence of fatalities while skydiving has been greatly exaggerated, with a fatality rate of 0.0001% or approximately 1 death in every 100,000 jumps. However, it is better to be safe than to be sorry, so below are some safety tips for skydiving, to make each jump a safe experience.
Safety Tips and Advice for Skydiving
Safety is not just the technique or method of jumping but rather is made up of a number of factors listed below.
Jumpsuits are meant to keep your
Extreme sports are completely different from other sports because the level of physical exertion and speed is higher than that in traditional sports. Dangerous stunts are also a major part of extreme sports which are responsible, to a great extent, for serious injuries. In traditional sports, injuries are less frequent and minor as compared to extreme sports where injuries are frequent as well as major. In traditional sports, when a person acquires basic skills essential for that sport, there are less chances of injury as the level of danger is lower. On the contrary, in an extreme sport, although a person is highly skilled, the chances of an accident resulting in an injury are more and they remain constant because the level of risk is always high. Before moving on to the prevention of extreme sports injuries, we should know which are the sports that are extreme by nature.
Types of Extreme Sports
Which sport is extreme and which is not is a debatable issue, however, there are some sports that can be regarded as extreme sports. In 2004, Joe Tomlinson tried to categorize extreme sports. According to him, sports associated with water, land and air should be termed as extreme sports.
We often think of incorporating yoga, meditation, and cardio workouts in our lifestyle to enhance physical and mental wellness. However, those thinking out of the box to improve overall well-being go for sports like slacklining. It might be strange, but it certainly works as far as increasing overall fitness and mental health is concerned.
Slacklining is similar to tightrope walking, with the only difference being that the distance from the ground in slacklining is low. It is fun and challenging, and one can derive plenty of health benefits by simply walking on the slackline daily for a few minutes. In recent years, this sports activity has drawn a lot of attention, especially from the fitness industry.
Slackline experts swear by its benefits, and do not seem enthusiastic to return to conventional methods to maintain overall health. In slacklining, the act of balancing while walking is challenging, which helps train most of the major muscle groups. Here are some more of the benefits of this sport.
Practicing slacklining can also contribute in reducing stress levels. Many consider this sport a stress buster. The moment you are on a slackline, your stress will vanish in no time. So, when you feel that